The Delian League was founded in 478 BCE following the Persian War to be a military alliance against any enemies that might threaten Ionian Greeks. It was led most notably by Athens, who protected all members unable to protect themselves with its massive and powerful navy.
The Delian League, founded in 478 BC, was an association of Greek city-states, with the number of members numbering between 150 and 330 under the leadership of Athens, whose purpose was to continue fighting the Persian Empire after the Greek victory in the Battle of Plataea at the end of the Second Persian invasion of
Beside above, who started the Delian League? Delian League: modern name of the Athenian alliance, founded after the Persian Wars as a military organization directed against the Achaemenid Empire, but converted by the Athenian politician Pericles into an Athenian empire.
People also ask, why was the Delian League founded?
The Delian League (or Athenian League) was an alliance of Greek city-states led by Athens and formed in 478 BCE to liberate eastern Greek cities from Persian rule and as a defence to possible revenge attacks from Persia following the Greek victories at Marathon, Salamis, and Plataea in the early 5th century BCE.
How successful was the Delian League?
The Athenian-dominated Delian League enjoyed success after success against the Persians in the 470s and 460s. Within twenty years after the rout of the Persian fleet in the battle of Salamis in 479, almost all Persian garrisons had been expelled from the Greek world and the Persian fleet driven from the Aegean.
Why did Athens lose the Peloponnesian War?
In 430 BC an outbreak of a plague hit Athens. The plague ravaged the densely packed city, and in the long run, was a significant cause of its final defeat. The plague wiped out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers, including Pericles and his sons. Roughly one-third to two-thirds of the Athenian population died.
Why did the Delian League fail?
The Delian League was formed to continue fighting the Persian Empire after Persia’s invasions were finally defeated. The League was led by the city-state Athens. Those city-states who did not want to continue fighting Persia formed the Peloponnesian League, led by Sparta.
What was the largest class in Spartan society?
Helots. Spartiates were actually a minority within Sparta, and Helots made up the largest class of inhabitants of the city-state. Helots were originally free Greeks that the Spartans had defeated in battle, and subsequently enslaved.
What does the word Pericles mean?
Noun. 1. Pericles – Athenian statesman whose leadership contributed to Athens’ political and cultural supremacy in Greece; he ordered the construction of the Parthenon (died in 429 BC)
Why was the Peloponnesian War fought?
The Peloponnesian War is the name given to the long series of conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lasted from 431 until 404 BC. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.
How did Athens become powerful?
Under the Athenian Pericles, the Athenians moved the treasury of the league to Athens. While the Athenians continued to gain power by expanding and creating colonies that were dependent on them, the Spartans began to consolidate power and even allied with the Persians as a way to counteract Athenian control.
What was an important Greek building a temple to honor Athena called?
The Parthenon (/ˈp?ːrθ?ˌn?n, -n?n/; Ancient Greek: Παρθενών; Greek: Παρθενώνας, Parthenónas) is a former temple on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron. Construction began in 447 BC when the Athenian Empire was at the peak of its power.
Who won Peloponnesian War?
Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartans terms were lenient. First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta. The Delian League was shut down, and Athens was reduced to a limit of ten triremes.
Who were Athens allies?
Most of Athens’ allies were from Greece, mainly from Ionia and the islands. There were also non-Greek states represented in the alliance. Members included Chios, Byzantium, Paros, Thasos, Samos, Lesbos, Naxos, Lindos, and others. After Athens’s defeat in the Peloponnesian War, the league was disbanded in 404 BCE.
Who were the Dorians and Ionians?
In the 5th century BCE, Dorians and Ionians were the two most politically important Greek ethne, whose ultimate clash resulted in the Peloponnesian War. The degree to which fifth-century Hellenes self-identified as “Ionian” or “Dorian” has itself been disputed.
When did the Hellenistic age end?
What were the Delian and Peloponnesian Leagues?
Peloponnesian League. The Peloponnesian League was an alliance in the Peloponnesus from the 6th to the 4th centuries BC, dominated by Sparta. It is known mainly for being one of the two rivals in the Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC), against the Delian League, which was dominated by Athens.
How did Athens get its name?
The name of Athens, connected to the name of its patron goddess Athena, originates from an earlier Pre-Greek language. Both Athena and Poseidon requested to be patrons of the city and to give their name to it, so they competed with one another for the honour, offering the city one gift each.
Who dominated a league of Poleis?
There were eventually over 1,000 poleis in the Greek World but among the most important were Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes, Syracuse, Aegina, Rhodes, Argos, Eretria, and Elis. The biggest was Sparta, although with some 8,500 km² of territory, this was exceptionally large and most poleis were small in size.