Osteoporosis Overview. Osteoporosis, or porous bone, is a disease characterized by low bone mass and structural deterioration of bone tissue, leading to bone fragility and an increased risk of fractures of the hip, spine, and wrist.
Osteomalacia refers to a marked softening of your bones, most often caused by severe vitamin D deficiency. The softened bones of children and young adults with osteomalacia can lead to bowing during growth, especially in weight-bearing bones of the legs. Osteomalacia in older adults can lead to fractures.
Beside above, what are the 7 most common diseases of the skeletal system? Other common conditions that affect the skeletal system include:
- Osteoporosis: This is a disease in which the bones become fragile and prone to fracture.
- Leukemia: This is a cancer of the white blood cells.
- Osteopenia, osteitis deformans, and osteomalacia: Similar to osteoporosis, these are other types of bone loss.
Accordingly, what are the diseases of the bones?
Examples of metabolic bone diseases include osteoporosis, rickets, osteomalacia, osteogenesis imperfecta, marble bone disease (osteopetrosis), Paget disease of bone, and fibrous dysplasia.
What is the medical term for bone?
Oste/o = Bone. Osteon = bone.
What are the signs and symptoms of osteomalacia?
Signs and symptoms Diffuse joint and bone pain (especially of spine, pelvis, and legs) Muscle weakness. Difficulty walking, often with waddling gait. Hypocalcemia (positive Chvostek sign) Compressed vertebrae and diminished stature. Pelvic flattening. Weak, soft bones. Easy fracturing.
What causes soft bones in adults?
Normal bone development depends on plenty of calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D. If any of these are in short supply, the bones become soft; in osteoporosis, the bones become thin and brittle. Osteomalacia causes bone and muscle pain, usually in the legs and back. A lack of vitamin D is the most common cause.
What does it mean when you have soft bones?
The word osteomalacia means “soft bones.” The condition keeps your bones from mineralizing, or hardening, as they should. That makes them weak and more likely to bend and break. Both can cause bones to break. But while osteomalacia is a problem with bones not hardening, osteoporosis is the weakening of the bone.
Can soft bones be cured?
Treatment will cure osteomalacia in most cases, but easing bone pain and muscle weakness may take several months. You’ll usually need daily supplements of vitamin D over a long period of time if there isn’t an obvious, curable cause for your osteomalacia.
Can calcium deficiency cause lower back pain?
It depletes the storage of calcium in their bones which in turn weakens them and leads to osteoporosis or bone degeneration. This increases the risk of fractures and can also cause a “humped” back. The symptoms of this type of Calcium deficiency are: Back or neck pain.
What can cause weak bones?
Factors that can contribute to bone loss include having a diet low in calcium, not exercising, smoking, and taking certain medications such as corticosteroids. Corticosteroids are medications prescribed for a wide range of diseases, including arthritis, asthma, inflammatory bowel disease, lupus, and other diseases.
What causes bones to deteriorate?
As you age, your body may reabsorb calcium and phosphate from your bones instead of keeping these minerals in your bones. This makes your bones weaker. When this process reaches a certain stage, it is called osteoporosis. For women, a drop in estrogen at the time of menopause is a major cause of bone loss.
How does osteomalacia affect the skeletal system?
How does osteomalacia affect the body? Osteomalacia causes the bones to become soft, which can lead to pain and bone deformity. Bones need calcium and phosphate to stay strong, and without the proper levels of vitamin D in the body, bones are unable to absorb enough calcium and phosphate minerals to remain healthy.
What are the signs of bone disease?
The most common symptoms that occur relate to bone or joint pain. Other symptoms include swelling of joints, tenderness, or redness of the skin that covers the areas affected by Paget’s disease. Some people only become aware of their presentation of Paget’s disease after experiencing a fracture in a weakened bone.
What is the first sign of bone cancer?
The earliest symptoms of bone cancer are pain and swelling where the tumor is located. The pain may come and go at first. Then it can become more severe and steady later. The pain may get worse with movement, and there may be swelling in nearby soft tissue.
What are the symptoms of a weak bone?
But once your bones have been weakened by osteoporosis, you might have signs and symptoms that include: Back pain, caused by a fractured or collapsed vertebra. Loss of height over time. A stooped posture. A bone that breaks much more easily than expected.
What diseases can affect the muscular system?
Diseases and disorders of the muscular system include dystrophy, tendinosis, FMS, mitochondrial myopathy, myasthenia gravis, and tetanus. Muscular dystrophy is a group of diseases that weaken the muscular system and make it harder to move.
What disease deteriorates your muscles?
Muscular dystrophy is a group of inherited diseases characterized by weakness and wasting away of muscle tissue, with or without the breakdown of nerve tissue.
What are the 6 functions of the skeleton?
The human skeleton performs six major functions; support, movement, protection, production of blood cells, storage of minerals, and endocrine regulation.