# What is the size of a tenon?

Tenon length: The general rule is that the minimum tenon length is five times its thickness. So a 1/4″-thick tenon should be 1-1/4″ long. Of course, if you look at antique furniture, you see this “rule” violated , or maybe the furniture was made before they made the rule.

The mortise depth is calculated as 2/3 of the thickness of the mortise stock. I find that this usually provides sufficient gluing surface, without making the mortise so deep that it becomes difficult to cut. I calculate the mortise length at 1/2 to 2/3 of the width of the rail stock (longer on wider stiles).

Furthermore, how deep can a plunge router cut? In other words, if you set a fixed base router at a cut depth of 1/4″, the router bit protrudes past the base 1/4″ until you change the depth. A plunge base router is designed so that you can preset the cut depth and then lower (“plunge”) the bit into the cut with the router’s base flat on the surface of the material.

Correspondingly, how deep are mortise and tenon joints?

So, for example, for a matching 34 ×2″ stile and rail, first make the stile’s mortise 1 12 ” long, 14 ” wide, and 1″–1 38deep; then make a tenon sized for a snug fit without forcing, leaving it about 116 ” short of the mortise depth to allow for glue.

What size mortise chisel do I need?

However, you will find them very easy to handle and a joy to use. Now available in sizes 1/8″ – 1/2″ by 1/16″. It is perfectly acceptable to just have one mortise chisel ( 1/4″ or 3/8″ being the most common) and size all your mortises accordingly.

table saw

### Is a mortise and tenon joint strong?

It’s considered one of the strongest woodworking joints for attaching two pieces of wood at 90 degrees. While not as visually appealing as dovetail joints, the mortise and tenon joint can be used by woodworkers of all skill levels to build furniture and other woodworking projects.

### How do you cut a tenon?

How to Cut Tenons by Hand A step-by-step guide. Begin by marking the tenon shoulders. Use a cutting gauge for clean, deep lines. Pick up the mortise width. Mark the tenon thickness. Mark the haunch. Secret to a clean shoulder. Cut the shoulders using a backsaw with crosscut teeth. Cut the cheeks with a ripsaw.

### What is a mortise and tenon joint used for?

A mortise and tenon is one of the most well-known and useful means to join wood together. Primarily used in solid wood woodworking to join end grain to edge grain. A mortise and tenon joint is, at its most basic, a peg fit into a hole. We show you the parts of a mortise and tenon joint and how it should fit together.

### What is a Haunched mortise and tenon joint?

The haunched mortise and tenon provides a joint where the mechanics are hidden from all but one face, whilst also preventing cupping of the tenoned component. It is widely used for connecting table rails to legs, and for door style to rail joints.