Range management is a professional field whose aim is to ensure a sustained yield of rangeland products while protecting and improving the basic range resources of soil, water, and plant and animal life.
Rangeland management (also range management, range science, or arid-land management) is a professional natural science that centers around the study of rangelands and the “conservation and sustainable management [of Arid-Lands] for the benefit of current societies and future generations.” Range management is defined by
Also, what is range and wildlife management? Range and Wildlife Management (RWM) Course Descriptions. 2321 Forage Production and Utilization (3-0). A study of the classification, distribution, production, and utilization of rangeland forages as related to wildlife and livestock production systems.
People also ask, why is range management a science?
Management is science because of several reasons like – it has universally accepted principles, it has cause and effect relationship etc, and at the same time it is art because it requires perfection through practice, practical knowledge, creativity, personal skills etc. Management is both an art and a science.
How do you manage rangelands?
Rangeland management specialists are working to provide such things as habitat for a variety of plant and animal species, clean water, and sustainable grazing and browsing. They inventory, classify, and monitor rangeland conditions to maintain or improve rangeland health.
Why is range management important?
Management of rangeland watersheds to increase the amount of clean water available for use by irrigators, municipalities, and industry and for recreational purposes is increasingly important. Many species of fish and wildlife depend on rangelands and their associated streams and lakes for habitat.
How is rangeland used?
Rangelands are grasslands, shrublands, woodlands, wetlands, and deserts that are grazed by domestic livestock or wild animals. Livestock grazing can be used to manage rangelands by harvesting forage to produce livestock, changing plant composition, or reducing fuel loads.
Why are rangelands important for humans?
Globally rangelands are used to raise livestock for food and fiber, harvest renewable and non-renewable energy and mineral resources, provide habitat for wildlife, and open space for human enjoyment and recreation.
What is a range in agriculture?
Range & Pasture. Range and pasture lands are diverse types of land where the primary vegetation produced is herbaceous plants and shrubs. These lands provide forage for beef cattle, dairy cattle, sheep, goats, horses and other types of domestic livestock.
What is rangeland inventory?
Rangeland inventory and rangeland monitoring are the processes of describing and evaluating the resources at a rangeland site. a. Rangeland inventory is information collected to document and describe the existing resource status within a management unit.
Why is overgrazing bad?
The acts of compaction and erosion as a result of overgrazing can cause tremendous land degradation. In drier areas, the experience is even worse as a large percentage of pasture and land cover is destroyed, contributing to relentless progression of desertification.
What is range science?
Range Science is a discipline that focuses on the scientific study of rangelands, arid regions, grasslands, prairies, and grazed forests in order to manage the natural renewable resources for optimum benefit and environmental balance.
How can rangeland be improved?
Strategies such as removal of undesirable plant species (e.g. mechanical, chemical, biological control methods), seeding desirable plants that compete with undesirable species, and using tools such as grazing or prescribed fire as means for restoration.
What is rangeland ecology and management?
Rangelands are described as “land on which the indigenous vegetation is predominantly grasses, grass-like plants, forbs, or shrubs and is managed as a natural ecosystem.” Rangeland Ecology and Management is a field of study devoted to understanding and managing these important ecosystems.
How are grasslands managed?
Grassland management is the manipulation of natural vegetation in order to achieve some predetermined goals. Grasslands are often managed to improve productivity and to maximize benefits for human use. In order to maintain natural grasslands, we must ensure proper management conditions for them.
What do you mean by overgrazing?
Overgrazing occurs when plants are exposed to intensive grazing for extended periods of time, or without sufficient recovery periods. It can be caused by either livestock in poorly managed agricultural applications, game reserves, or nature reserves.
How does rangeland become degraded?
One of the factors that leads to rangeland degradation is overgrazing. If a ranch is overgrazed, it can result in a loss of shrubs, trees, and grasses. This exposes the soil and accelerates soil erosion, making it hard to grow future vegetation and resulting in the loss of many plant species.
How much forest land is there in the United States?
Currently, forests cover about 749 million acres of the U.S. or about 33 percent of all land.
How ecosystem services link rural lands with urban lands?
Ecosystem services, such as clean drinking water and trees for paper and wood, are resources generated in rural lands that are used intensively to support urban lands.