Remember that avocado trees do best at moderately warm temperatures (60 F to 85 F) with moderate humidity. They can tolerate temperatures, once established, of around 28 F to 32 F with minimal damage. Avoid freezing temperatures. Plant your tree in March through June.
The preferred climate and zone for avocados is a climate with warm temperatures year-round. The tree is a tropical plant and does not like frost or temperatures under 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Avocado trees prefer high humidity of 60 to 80 percent.
One may also ask, can avocado grow in tropical climate? Climate. Native to Central and South America, avocados prefer tropical and subtropical climates, but will also grow in warm, temperate and cool climates, provided there is little to no frost.
Also know, do avocado trees need a lot of sun?
Avocado trees prefer full sun but need protection from the western sun during the first years until they develope a stong deep root structure and dense foliage to protect the sensitive bark. I built a 8 foot shade structure for my avocados with openings that the plant can eventually grow through.
What temperature is too hot for avocado trees?
High Temperatures Fruit or flowers drop if the temperature is 100 degrees F or above. Optimum temperature for West Indies avocados is between 75 and 82 degrees. For other avocadoes, the optimum temperature is 68 to 75 degrees F.
How many times a year does an avocado tree bear fruit?
It is possible for an avocado tree to produce 200 to 300 fruit per tree once it is about 5 to 7 years of age. The avocado however, alternate bears. This means that the tree may produce a large crop one year, and then will produce a small crop the following year. There are lots of variables which will influence this.
Do avocado trees need a lot of water?
Avocado Tree Water Needs Avocados, like other types of fruit bearing trees, need ample water to thrive and produce fruit. Mature avocado trees need approximately 40 to 50 inches of rain per year. Young trees need more frequent watering than mature trees to establish a strong root system.
How much space does an avocado tree need?
Avocado Tree Spacing According to the University of California Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources (UCDANR) (see reference 6) spacing your avocado trees 20 feet apart is ideal, although 15 feet is acceptable if you don’t have the space.
What does an avocado tree need to grow?
Avocados grow best in full sun, with unobstructed light for most of the day. They also need good drainage to thrive, so choose a spot in your garden with loose, well-draining soil or plant them on a hillside to speed up drainage.
How much water does an avocado tree need a day?
The rule of thumb for mature trees is about 20 gallons of water a day during the irrigation season. Seedlings will require quite a bit less water, of course. Check the soil before watering each time to make sure it has dried somewhat.
When should you plant an avocado tree?
When to Plant Avocados “Hass” avocado trees are planted when the ground is warm, generally during the months of March through June. Trees planted in summer often falter because young tree roots cannot take up water well.
Do you need a male and female avocado tree to produce fruit?
The flowers of avocado trees are perfect, because they have both male and female parts, but both of these parts are not accessible at all times for pollination. The flowers only open for two days. On the first day, the female part opens for two to four hours and during this time, it can receive pollen.
How long do avocado trees live?
What is the best fertilizer for avocado trees?
The major nutrients that the avocado tree needs are Nitrogen – Phosphorous – Potassium (N-P-K on the fertilizer package label) and Zinc (Zn). For young avocado trees the recommendation is 1/2 to 1 pound of actual Nitrogen per tree per year.
Are coffee grounds good for avocado trees?
Avoid watering the avocado tree in winter to prevent root rot. Feed your avocado tree annually in the spring after it’s about 2 years old, using a well-balanced fertilizer made for citrus trees or a combination top-dressing of organic compost and used coffee grounds.
Should I trim my avocado plant?
Pruning. The first serious trimming should occur when the plant is only 12 inches tall. At that time, cut it back to 6 inches and allow for new leaves and stems to form. As it gets taller, pinch off new growth throughout the summer to force new branches to form, because avocado fruit develops on new growth.
How big do avocado trees get?
Some avocado trees grow to reach a height of 80 feet, with most getting 20 to 40 feet tall. Don’t let this scare you away from enjoying your own avocados! There are several dwarf varieties that do well indoors. You can start avocados from seeds (stones), but it takes years to bear fruit.
How do you trim an avocado tree?
Cut the tip and upper leaves off of the central stem once it’s 12 inches (30 cm) tall. Once your avocado tree reaches about 12 inches (30 cm) in height, you’ll want to trim off its tip and top leaves to encourage new growth. Use a sharp pruning tool to make a clean cut on the central stem just above a bud.