Short-term complications of type 2 diabetes are hypoglycemia (very low blood glucose) and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome (HHNS), which is very high blood glucose. Long-term complications of type 2 are diabetic retinopathy, kidney disease (nephropathy), diabetic neuropathy, and macrovascular problems.
Long-term effects of diabetes The most common long-term diabetes-related health problems are: damage to the large blood vessels of the heart, brain and legs (macrovascular complications) damage to the small blood vessels, causing problems in the eyes, kidneys, feet and nerves (microvascular complications).
Subsequently, question is, what other problems can diabetes cause? Possible complications include:
- Cardiovascular disease.
- Nerve damage (neuropathy).
- Kidney damage (nephropathy).
- Eye damage (retinopathy).
- Foot damage.
- Skin conditions.
- Hearing impairment.
- Alzheimer’s disease.
Besides, what are the short and long term effects of type 1 diabetes?
Heart and blood vessel disease. Diabetes dramatically increases your risk of various cardiovascular problems, including coronary artery disease with chest pain (angina), heart attack, stroke, narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis) and high blood pressure.
How does diabetes type 2 affect the body?
What happens in the body when you have type 2 diabetes. The excess blood sugar in diabetes can wreak havoc on blood vessels all over the body and cause complications. It can severely damage the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and other body parts; cause sexual problems; and double the risk of heart attack and stroke.
How long a diabetic person can live?
However, there is good news – people with type 1 diabetes have been known to live for as long as over 85 years with the condition. As noted above, recent studies into life expectancy are showing significant improvement in life expectancy rates for people with type 1 diabetes born later in the 20th century.
What happens if you don’t manage diabetes?
What Can Happen if Diabetes Is Not Under Control? Out-of-control blood sugar levels can lead to short-term problems like hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, or diabetic ketoacidosis. This means that heart disease and stroke, kidney disease, vision problems, and nerve problems can happen to people with diabetes.
Can diabetes be reversed?
Although there’s no cure for type 2 diabetes, studies show it’s possible for some people to reverse it. Through diet changes and weight loss, you may be able to reach and hold normal blood sugar levels without medication. This doesn’t mean you’re completely cured.
What food causes diabetes?
Unhealthy saturated and trans fats can increase cholesterol levels in the blood, and high cholesterol is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Trans fats appear in packaged baked goods and fried foods in restaurants, while saturated fats can be found in fatty meats, butters, and full-fat milk and cheese.
How can you prevent diabetes complications?
Basic principles of prevention of diabetes complications: Take your medications (pills and/or insulin) as prescribed by your doctor. Monitor your blood sugars closely. Follow a sensible diet. Do not skip meals. Exercise regularly. See your doctor regularly to monitor for complications.
What are the long term effects of type 2 diabetes?
Long-term complications of type 2 are diabetic retinopathy, kidney disease (nephropathy), diabetic neuropathy, and macrovascular problems.
What are the last stages of diabetes?
What are the signs of end-of-life due to diabetes? using the bathroom frequently. increased drowsiness. infections. increased thirst. increased hunger. itching. weight loss. fatigue.
What are the complications of diabetes 2?
Some of the potential complications of diabetes include: Heart and blood vessel disease. Nerve damage (neuropathy). Kidney damage. Eye damage. Slow healing. Hearing impairment. Skin conditions. Sleep apnea.
What is the cause of type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system, the body’s system for fighting infection, attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. Scientists think type 1 diabetes is caused by genes and environmental factors, such as viruses, that might trigger the disease.
Which is worse type 1 or 2 diabetes?
In type 1 diabetes, the body’s immune system destroys the cells that release insulin, eventually eliminating insulin production from the body. This is called insulin resistance. As type 2 diabetes gets worse, the pancreas may make less and less insulin. This is called insulin deficiency.
Does Type 1 diabetes get worse with age?
Older adults with type 1 diabetes are at high risk for severe hypoglycemia and may have serious comorbid conditions. Diabetes care plans for older adults must consider aging-related changes that can affect their functional status and ability to self-manage their disease.
Which type of diabetes is genetic?
Type 2 diabetes has several causes: genetics and lifestyle are the most important ones. A combination of these factors can cause insulin resistance, when your body doesn’t use insulin as well as it should. Insulin resistance is the most common cause of type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can be hereditary.
How dangerous is Type 2 Diabetes?
If type 2 diabetes goes untreated, the high blood sugar can affect various cells and organs in the body. Complications include kidney damage, often leading to dialysis, eye damage, which could result in blindness, or an increased risk for heart disease or stroke.
What are the 3 most common symptoms of undiagnosed diabetes?
Common symptoms of diabetes: Urinating often. Feeling very thirsty. Feeling very hungry—even though you are eating. Extreme fatigue. Blurry vision. Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal. Weight loss—even though you are eating more (type 1) Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet (type 2)