Coleus (Solenostemon spp. or Plectranthus spp.), however, are instead grown for their striking foliage, which helps make a bold garden statement. They are tender perennials, typically grown as annuals outside their native Southeast Asia.
A coleus plant is hardy, able to survive in both a container indoors and in the soil outside. However, being a warm weather loving plant, it will not survive a harsh, cold winter. When the weather begins to turn cold you will need to take some precautions to ensure a healthy coleus in the spring.
Similarly, should coleus be cut back? Pinch Back and Prune Without regular pruning, coleus plants can get “leggy” and unattractive. As long as you prune and cut them back faithfully, your coleus should stay bushy and handsome. Cut off any blooms that appear so the plant will put its energy into the foliage.
Accordingly, will coleus come back every year?
Outside USDA zones 9 through 11, coleus is a beautiful spring-through-fall annual. As a tropical plant, coleus can‘t bear a chill and will blacken and die once the weather dips much below 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Keep your coleus looking beautiful through its growing season by pinching back the stem tips periodically.
Does coleus need sun or shade?
Some modern coleus varieties handle full sun, but most still flourish with at least dappled shade and direct sun limited to morning hours. A balance is important for coleus beauty and health. Plants with darker leaf colors generally tolerate more sun, provided they have more moisture.
How do you prepare coleus for winter?
The basic idea for overwintering coleus is to cut pieces off your coleus plant, root them, plant them in pots and keep them growing in a sunny window through winter until it’s time to plant them outside in spring.
Can you take cuttings from coleus?
The coleus cutting should root in two to three weeks. After taking your cuttings, place them in a small glass of water and place this in bright indirect light. Change the water every other day. Once you see roots grow, you can transplant the coleus cuttings into soil.
Do coleus plants spread?
Do not crowd coleus close together. They spread out to about 16 inches across, so keep the leaves from shading each other by planting at least 12 inches away from each other in the garden. Some coleus prefer bright sun, but most do best and achieve the most vivid color in partial shade.
How big can a coleus get?
They’re vigorous growers and leaf size ranges from 1- 8 inches or more, and plants can grow up to 36 inches tall. They have endless variations in color, shape and patterns, and work well as a focal point or a compliment to other plants. Most coleus plants should be grown in bright, indirect light or in partial shade.
Can coleus be a houseplant?
Growing Coleus Plant Indoors. Coleus plant, also known as Painted Nettle, is often grown outdoors as an annual because it is frost-tender. But it’s easy to grow indoors if you can provide bright light.
Is Coleus poisonous to dogs?
The most likely effects from nibbling on coleus are vomiting and diarrhea, but anorexia and depression can also result. Consuming cyclamens can result in vomiting. The most toxic parts of the plant are the roots, but it’s best to keep all parts out of the mouths of dogs and cats.
How do you take cuttings from coleus?
How to grow coleus from cuttings Step 1: Take a coleus cutting. Take a cutting from a mature coleus plant: Look for stems that are 4 to 6 inches in length. Step 2: Remove extra leaves. Remove the lower leaves, leaving the top set of four leaves. Step 3: Put coleus cuttings in water. Step 4: Watch the coleus root. Step 5: Plant rooted cuttings.
How do you get seeds from a coleus plant?
Tie a colorful string or yarn around one or two of the healthiest coleus plants. Harvest seeds when the petals have dropped from the flowers and the remaining seed pods are plump, dry and brown. Snip the seed pod with scissors or garden shears. Place the sack in a cool, dry location.
How do you take care of coleus in the winter?
Overwinter Full Plants Pruning the coleus during the winter can help preserve an attractive shape and reduce spindly growth. Feed coleus plants and rooted cuttings with half-strength time-release fertilizer during the winter. Keep the plants indoors until night temperatures stay above 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
How do you care for coleus plants outside?
Avoid overly damp soils, which can cause leaf drop and encourage disease. Plant coleus after danger of frost has passed when soil temperatures have warmed sufficiently and evening temperatures are above 60 degrees F. Feed plants regularly with a water-soluble fertilizer, especially if they are growing in containers.
Is Coleus a full sun plant?
Conditions: Coleus are tender tropicals that are generally grown as annuals because they are hardy only in USDA Hardiness Zone 11. They like warm soils with decent drainage. They are not happy in overly dry conditions. Coleus will grow in full sun to medium shade, but their colors are most vivid in full sun.
Why are the leaves falling off my coleus plant?
Several things can cause the leaves on the Coleus to drop off suddenly. This is normally a result of not watering enough, cool draughts or cold temperatures in general. Moist soil is essential for a healthy Coleus, but this is not the same as wet soil which will encourage the roots and stems to rot.
How do you keep coleus from getting leggy?
Pinch off the growing tips of the coleus selectively in areas of the plant where growth appears spindly or could become leggy. Pinch the stem back to a leaf node where at least one axillary bud is present, as these buds will ideally grow out to form new shoots.
Where does coleus grow?
Coleus can be added to beds and borders for interest or grown in containers. They need fertile, well-draining soil and usually perform best in areas with partial shade, though many varieties can also tolerate sun. When growing coleus, keep in mind that these beauties can grow rapidly.