Open the damper all the way, if you are lighting a fire. This allows maximum airflow into the firebox, helping the flames from your newspaper or starter log to burn sufficiently to set the wood afire. Close the damper about two-thirds of the way as the fire begins to catch and coals start to form.
Modern stoves usually do not need a damper. Agree with Harry. Most all modern wood burning appliances control burn rate by the amount of combustion air that is allowed to reach the fire, so there is no need for an exhaust damper. You should check out recommendations of the particular model you intend to install.
Secondly, what’s the difference between a damper and a flue? Every Fireplace has a chimney damper. This is a movable plate that sits above the fireplace before the flue. If you pull the lever toward you, generally that will open most of the dampers. The flue, also known as the chimney lining, is basically a pipe up the middle of the chimney.
what is the purpose of a stove pipe damper?
The purpose of a pipe damper is to retard the flow of combustion air, smoke, and gasses in the stove by reducing the flow of smoke and gasses into the venting system. Note: Some stoves incorporate a round or oval pipe–damper attached to the flue collar of the stove.
Where should the damper on my wood stove?
Each stove has some type of damper, a metal disc inserted inside a bypass duct or stovepipe exiting the stove. A damper is usually located approximately 12 to 18 inches from the stove, prior to the spot where the pipe exits into a chimney, if present. The damper retains heat that escapes up the chimney or flue.
How do you keep a wood stove burning all night?
How To Keep a Wood Stove Burning All Night Rake the charcoal towards the front of the wood stove. Place five to seven large logs in a tight formation behind the coals. Shut the door and enjoy.
What is a bypass damper on a wood stove?
Inside a catalytic stove The bypass damper is used to bypass the combustor when the loading door is open and when the exhaust is not yet hot enough to make it active. The flame shield protects the combustor from direct flames which can cause uneven heating and shock to the combustor.
Why does my wood stove go out when I close the door?
This can occur due to several factors: The fire was not burning hot enough to produce the draft needed to pull the air into the fireplace. Feed more dry wood kindling before closing down the stove. Open the air shutter all the way to get the fire burning briskly before shutting it down.
Should fireplace damper be open all the way?
The damper should always be fully open before lighting a fire and when the fireplace is in use. Close it when it’s not it use. The damper should be kept open until all embers are finished burning to prevent smoke from escaping into the home. When the fireplace is not in use, the damper should always be closed.
Can you leave the door open on a wood burning stove?
Wood burning stoves are not designed to be used with the door open. You can use a wood burning stove with the door open but doing so will lose the control of the air flow into the stove, making it operate less efficiently and sending more heat up the chimney rather than out into the room.
What should my flue temp be?
A good rule of thumb is to get the temperature up to a stovepipe thermometer reading of 450 degrees F. for the first half-hour, and to keep it at an average of 300 degrees thereafter, each day that you start your stove.
When should I close the damper on my wood stove?
Close the damper until nearly shut for overnight or maintenance fires, such as when you go out to the supermarket. The minimal airflow allows for smoldering coals and existing smoke to escape through the flue pipe, but not enough airflow for flames and mass consumption of the wood.
Can you leave a wood burning stove on overnight?
First of all, and most importantly, you need to make sure that leaving your stove on overnight is safe and does not pose a fire risk. A Wood Burner is far harder to keep going all night as wood burns quicker than Coal. Allow enough air to enter the stove until the smoke stops and the fire is up to temperature.
How do I increase the burn time on my wood stove?
Once a coal base is established, add larger logs to increase the burn time. Large, unsplit logs burn the longest. Adding too much wood to the stove at one time, however, can increase the burn speed. A small, hot fire will burn longer than a large, roaring one.
Where should I install a flue damper?
Normally you want a flue damper in a vertical section, 18-24 inches above the top of the firebox. I put mine a full 24 inches above; over the years I’ve learned the hard way that putting it too close to the firebox causes the control rod to overheat and bend, and the spring gets weak so the damper won’t stay set.
Why does my wood stove have two dampers?
When the smoke becomes darker or more noticeable, open the damper slightly until it clears again. On modern stoves with two front dampers, make the initial adjustments to the lower damper only to control airflow to the fuel supply. Adjusting the upper damper affects the efficiency, not the rate of fuel combustion.
Is a chimney damper necessary?
A closed chimney damper will prevent unwanted air of any temperature from making its way into your home. When starting a fire in your fireplace, making sure that your chimney damper is open is imperative to a healthy burn.
What is the difference between a coal stove and a wood stove?
The major difference between the two is the addition of a ‘shaker grate’ in the bottom of the stove along with a clean out door underneath it. Wood does not care where it gets it’s air from. It will burn with a draft from the top of the fire. We get about 80% of our winter heat from a small coal stove in the basement.