The Delian League was finally broken up by the capture of Athens by Sparta in 404 BC. Even today for some historians, it is not clear if becoming an empire was the original intention of Athens, or if it was an idea that developed as they gained the power and confidence of their allies.
It sent Athenian colonists to settle other city-states, collected taxes, and used the shared navy for itself. In 454 BC, Pericles moved the treasury from Delos to Athens, allegedly to protect it from Persia. Effectively, it turned the Delian League into the Athenian Empire.
One may also ask, how long did the Delian League last? thirty years
Regarding this, how successful was the Delian League?
The Athenian-dominated Delian League enjoyed success after success against the Persians in the 470s and 460s. Within twenty years after the rout of the Persian fleet in the battle of Salamis in 479, almost all Persian garrisons had been expelled from the Greek world and the Persian fleet driven from the Aegean.
When was the Delian League disbanded?
Delian League Confederation of Greek city-states formed (478 bc) under Athenian leadership after the losses of the Persian Wars. The treasury was initially held on the island of Delos, but was moved to Athens by Pericles. It was disbanded after the Peloponnesian Wars.
Why did Athens lose the Peloponnesian War?
In 430 BC an outbreak of a plague hit Athens. The plague ravaged the densely packed city, and in the long run, was a significant cause of its final defeat. The plague wiped out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers, including Pericles and his sons. Roughly one-third to two-thirds of the Athenian population died.
Why did Delian League break apart?
The Delian League broke up because when when the Athenians turned the “Delian League” into what amounted to an Athenian empire (by asserting the control over cities in the league), the Spartans reciprocated by forming a “Peloponnesian League.”
What was the main cause of the Peloponnesian War?
The primary causes were that Sparta feared of the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. This disagreement led to friction and eventually outright war. Additionally, Athens and its ambitions caused increasing instability in Greece.
Who made the Delian League?
The Delian League (or Athenian League) was an alliance of Greek city-states led by Athens and formed in 478 BCE to liberate eastern Greek cities from Persian rule and as a defence to possible revenge attacks from Persia following the Greek victories at Marathon, Salamis, and Plataea in the early 5th century BCE.
Who dominated a league of Poleis?
There were eventually over 1,000 poleis in the Greek World but among the most important were Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes, Syracuse, Aegina, Rhodes, Argos, Eretria, and Elis. The biggest was Sparta, although with some 8,500 km² of territory, this was exceptionally large and most poleis were small in size.
What was an important Greek building a temple to honor Athena called?
The Parthenon (/ˈp?ːrθ?ˌn?n, -n?n/; Ancient Greek: Παρθενών; Greek: Παρθενώνας, Parthenónas) is a former temple on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron. Construction began in 447 BC when the Athenian Empire was at the peak of its power.
How did Athens become powerful?
Under the Athenian Pericles, the Athenians moved the treasury of the league to Athens. While the Athenians continued to gain power by expanding and creating colonies that were dependent on them, the Spartans began to consolidate power and even allied with the Persians as a way to counteract Athenian control.
What was the largest class in Spartan society?
Helots. Spartiates were actually a minority within Sparta, and Helots made up the largest class of inhabitants of the city-state. Helots were originally free Greeks that the Spartans had defeated in battle, and subsequently enslaved.
Who won Peloponnesian War?
Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartans terms were lenient. First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta. The Delian League was shut down, and Athens was reduced to a limit of ten triremes.
How long did Spartan men stay in the Army?
Who led Athens in the Peloponnesian War?
On the advice of Pericles, its most influential leader, Athens refused to back down. Diplomatic efforts to resolve the dispute failed. Finally, in the spring of 431, a Spartan ally, Thebes, attacked an Athenian ally, Plataea, and open war began.
How did Athens get its name?
The name of Athens, connected to the name of its patron goddess Athena, originates from an earlier Pre-Greek language. Both Athena and Poseidon requested to be patrons of the city and to give their name to it, so they competed with one another for the honour, offering the city one gift each.
What were the most significant elements of ancient Athenian democracy?
What were the key features of Athenian democracy? It was a direct democracy: Only men could vote. It consists of: an assembly, the council of 500, a complex system of courts. Approximately how many years passed between the establishment of democracy in ancient Athens and the ratification of the U.S. Constitution?
What was the outcome of the Peloponnesian War?
What was the long-term effect of the Peloponnesian War? The wealth, prestige, policies, and power of Athens caused resentment among other city-states. A plague that killed many Athenians helped Sparta defeat Athens. The Peloponnesian War weakened all of the Greek city-states for 50 years.